Electric Bikes Classifications
July 6, 2022
Electric bicycles make riding easier and more appealing to an ever-broadening array of people. They are both a healthy recreational outlet and a frugal means of transportation. It is no wonder that they have become so popular over the past few years.
If you’re thinking about buying an electric bike, dig in and do some research first. There’s a lot to know before you choose the model you like. For starters, regulations differ from state to state, with some states requiring an operator’s license or helmets to use them on public roads. Climate and terrain are other important considerations. Are there hills where you live, and is the weather good for riding? E-bikes tend to be more expensive than conventional bikes, so it pays to make sure a model will work for you before spending the extra money to buy one.
Electric bicycles come in a range of styles to suit different uses—everything from riding steep mountain trails to getting to and from work. But there are three general categories related to their electric propulsion systems. Each type applies electric power to the bicycle’s driven wheel in a distinct way, whether using input from the rider’s pedals or from a thumb or twist-grip-activated throttle. Deciding which one is best for you depends on how you plan on using the bike, and how far you want to go.
Class 1 includes pedal-assist bikes, which power the electric motor as your feet apply pressure to the pedals. There’s no throttle control on the handlebar to get the bike going; the electric part works only when the rider is pedaling, and the e-assist cuts off at speeds above 20 mph.
Class 2 bikes also have an electric motor that works up to 20 mph, either while the rider is pedaling (pedal-assist) or with electric propulsion alone, via a throttle control.
Class 3 limits an e-bike’s top speed to 28 mph. These faster, more powerful models might not be legal to ride in some areas, such as on bike paths.
More selectable gears made for a better riding experience once the battery was drained and pedaling provided the only motive power, such is the case of the EUB-01 series that counts with a 9 gear Shimano derailleur. Single-speed bikes aren’t as versatile. Depending on the model, electric assist is applied either at the hub of the rear wheel or in what’s called a mid-drive, in which power is applied at the bottom bracket, where the pedals are located.
Visit our stores and test drive one of the NIU electric bikes, please confirm the availability with the store before showing to the store.